Meross MSS310

Part 3: LEDs, Buttons and Relays

Finding the connections

With all the information gathered so far, it shouldn’t be too hard to find out, how the LEDs, the relay and the button are connected to the CPU. Most probably, they are all connected to some GPIO port.

According to the data sheet, the MT7688 has 96 GPIO lines and the GPIO control registers start at address 0x10000600.

We let the device boot regulary and then switch to the CLI’s os section.

Playing with the reg w and reg r commands quickly gives us the following information:

So, the following command switches the relay:

reg w 10000634 1  # Switch relay on
reg w 10000644 1  # Switch relay off

and the following command switches the LEDs:

reg w 10000644 6  # Switch both LEDs on
reg w 10000634 6  # Switch both LEDs off

and bit 3 from the following command tells us, whether or not the button is currently pressed:

reg r 10000624  # bit 3 == 0 -> button pressed

You shouldn’t press the button too long: a four to five seconds press performs a factory reset of the device.

Note that the polarity for switching the relay and the LEDs is inverted, but this is a pure software feature, because the polarity of the GPIO ports can be configured.

Does this work from u-boot too?

Next step is to test this from a lower level, i.e. from the u-boot command line. We can use the nm and mm commands to write to the registers. Of course, the naive approach to just repeat the commands from above doesn’t work: the SoC needs to be configured to actually use the GPIOs. The MSS310 application does this, but u-boot doesn’t (it does, however, configure the UART). We need to set the following registers to make the GPIOs available:

0x10000064 -> 0x05550550
0x10000604 -> 0x00000007    # Configure bits 0..2 as output

Afterwards, we can control the LEDs and the relay from the u-boot command line.